A Baccalauréat is a diploma awarded by the French Ministry of National Education.  It marks the successful completion of secondary studies and opens the doors to higher education.  This comprehensive national exam covers all area of study.  Each exam contains a series of essays or problems on issues requiring a thorough analysis based on the knowledge acquired over the course of the final two years of Lycée education.

 

Over 500 000 students take the Baccalauréat general every year including 12 000 students from the French Lycée (High school) abroad.

 

French-curriculum Lycées based in Canada and the United States offer the three sections of the general Baccalauréat: Literature (L), Economics and Social Sciences (ES), Science and Mathematics (S).

 

French lycées welcome students from maternelle (3 years-old) to Terminale.   The last three years of secondary education are called Seconde, Première and Terminale, corresponding to grade 10, 11 and 12.  All subjects are taught in French.  In Terminale, students earn the French secondary studies diploma, the Baccalauréat.

 

What advantages does a French education give my child?

 

-challenging intellectual education and personalized support for students

-teaching programs created by the French Ministry of national Education and a majority of teachers are from France

-quality education in French that is recognized by the best North American universities

-an international teaching environment

-institutions that are part of an unparalleled global network

 

Average success rate for the Baccalauréat général (2011)

 in France in Canada
 88% 98.8%
including15%with Honors
29%
 7%with Highest Honors
23%

The ''Option internationale'' Baccalauréat (OIB) is currently being introduced in Canada.  This option includes two courses and exams in English: North American Literature and History/Geography

 

A challenging and comprehensive curriculum

 

In every basic subject at a French lycée, each student receives a solid education that develops their intellectual curiosity and critical thinking.  It is an outstanding preparation to post-secondary education.

 

At the end of the lycée program, regardless of the chosen specialization, all students have acquired a solid educational background by taking at least:

 

-3 years of English courses, another foreign language and Civic Education

-2 years of courses in Biology, Physics and Chemistry, French Literature, Mathematics, History and Geography

-1 year of courses in Economics and Sociology, as well as Philosophy.

 

Some Lycées also offer their students advanced placement tests (known as AP) that allow them to earn credits in North American universities.

 

Extracurricular activities are offered including soccer, volleyball, skiing, science and debate clubs, public speaking, music and choir singing, theatre, academic exchanges and trips.

 

 

Bac L (Literature)

Subjects and number of hours per year

SubjectsPremièreTerminaleWeight for the final exam
French136-5
Philosophy-2727
French Literature
68682
English Literature
6851 
English85684
Foreign language 2
68684
History/Geography1531534
Science51-2
Physical education and sport
68682
Spécialization: choose one
   
Complementary foreign language
1021022
Foreign language 3
1021022
Latin or Ancient Greek
1021022
Mathematics1021362
Maximum 2 options from the following:   
Latin or Ancient Greek
1021023
Art1021022
Cinema1021022
Theatre1021022

Bac ES: Economics and Social sciences

Subjects and number of hours per year

SubjectsPremièreTerminaleWeight for the final exam
Economics and social sciences
1701707
Mathematics1021365
History/Geography1531535
French136-4
Science51-2
Philosophy-1364
English85683
Foreign Language 2
68683
Physical education and sport
68682
Spécialization: choose one
   
Mathematics-512
Social and political Science
-512
Advanced Economics
-512
Maximum 2 options from the following:
   
Latin or Ancient Greek
1021023
Art1021022
Cinema1021022
Theatre1021022

Bac S : Science and mathematics

Subjects and number of hours per year

SubjectsPremièreTerminaleWeight for the final exam
Mathematics1362047
Physics/Chemistry1021706
Life and Earth Science
1021196
French136-4
Philosophy-1023
English851023
Foreign Language 2
681022
History/Geography153-3
Physical education and sport
68682
Spécialization: choose one
   
Mathematics-682
Physics/Chemistry-682
Life and Earth Science
-682
Maximum 2 options from the following:
   
Latin or Ancient Greek
1021023
Art1021022
Cinema1021022
Theatre1021022
History/Geography-682

 

A French Baccalauréat leads to what kind of higher education?

 

Each year, graduates of the French Baccalauréat are admitted to the best institutions of higher learning in Canada, the United States and Europe.

 

Understanding the French grading system

 

Grades earned over the course of a Lycée education and the Baccalauréat exams are calculated out of 20.  A general average of 10/20 is necessary to earn the diploma.

A grade of 20/20 is a perfect score and is rarely awarded.  Depending of the subject a grade of 15, 16 are considered very good result.  In some subjects a grade of 12 can even be considered a fairly good result.

As a result, grades earned by French Baccalauréat students are generally converted for entry into universities.

The following is an example of the grade conversion formula used by the University of Ottawa for applicants with a French Baccalauréat from the Lycée Claudel in Ottawa:

 

French grade out of 20 X 4 + 30 = Canadian grade out of 100

 

Example:

17.5/20 X 4 + 30 = 100% = A+

15/20 X 4 + 30 = 90 % = A-

10/20 X4 + 30 = 70% C+

 

However, North American universities increasingly rely directly on the report cards from French lycées for admission.

 

Correspondence between Baccalauréat grades and Canadian distinctions

 

13-20/20: mention très bien : Highest honors

14-15.9/20: mention bien: High honors

12-13.9/20: mention assez bien: honors

10-11.9/20: Passing

8-9.9/20: students with this average will retake an oral exam

Less than 8-/20: Failed exam

 

French school in Canada

Calgary : Lycée Louis pasteur

Montreal : Collège International Marie de France

Montreal : Collège Stanislas

Ottawa : Lycée Claudel

Quebec : Collège Stanislas

Toronto : Lycée Français de Toronto

Toronto: Toronto French School

Vancouver: École Française Internationale de Vancouver